In vitro fertilization is effective in overcoming a variety of infertility problems, particularly tubal problems or marked sperm problems. In this procedure the ova are fertilized outside the body using partners sperms & then the fertilized embryos are placed back into the uterus transvaginally.
IVF is a four-stage procedure:
Stage One – Hormonal injections are given to stimulate the development of multiple follicles.
Stage Two-Once mature, the eggs are removed (or retrieved) from the woman’s ovaries using a fine needle.
Stage Three-The eggs are transferred to a laboratory dish where they are fertilized by sperm collected from the male partner.
Stage Four-Several days later, the fertilized embryo is inserted back into the uterus.